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Tools & Resources

Tools to align your satellite dish and determine solar outages for your city and state.

Solar Outages

A solar or sun transit outage is an electromagnetic phenomenon wherein a station downlink is temporarily unable to receive a satellite signal due to interference from the sun as it passes behind the satellite.

Solar outages occur on a predictable schedule and affect downlinks in the U.S. for about five consecutive days, for as many as six minutes a day, twice each year. To obtain solar outage information for your location, click on your state in the drop-down menu.
* All times ET .

Solar Outages

Alabama March 5 - 8, 1:54 p.m. Oct. 4 - 8, 2:31 p.m.
Alaska (Anchorage)Feb. 27 - March 2, 1:35 p.m.Oct. 12 - 14, 2:13 p.m.
Alaska (Barrow)Feb. 26 - 28, 1:39 p.m.Oct. 13 -15, 2:13 p.m.
Alaska (Fairbanks)Feb. 26 - March 2, 1:37 p.m.Oct. 12 - 15, 2:11 p.m.
Alaska (Southern)Feb. 27 - March 2, 1:36 p.m.Oct. 4 - 8, 2:31 p.m.
ArizonaMarch 5 - 8, 1:40 p.m.Oct. 5 - 8, 2:16 p.m.
ArkansasMarch 4 - 8, 1:51 p.m.Oct. 5 - 9, 2:28 p.m.
California (Los Angeles)March 4 - 8, 1:37 p.m.October 5 - 8, 2:13 p.m.
California (Northern)March 3 - 6, 1:36 p.m.October 7 - 10, 2:12 p.m.
California (San Francisco)March 3 - 7, 1:36 p.m.Oct. 6 - 10, 2:12 p.m.
ColoradoMarch 2 - 6, 1:45 p.m.Oct. 7 - 10, 2:21 p.m.
ConnecticutMarch 2 - 6, 2:00 p.m.Oct. 7 - 11, 2:36 p.m.
DelawareMarch 2 - 6, 1:58 p.m.Oct. 7 - 11, 2:34 p.m.
District of ColumbiaMarch 3 - 6, 1:59 p.m.Oct. 6 - 10, 2:35 p.m.
Florida (Miami)March 7 - 11, 1:58 p.m.Oct. 2 - 5, 2:36 p.m.
Florida (Tallahassee)March 6 - 9, 1:55 p.m.Oct. 4 - 7, 2:33 p.m.
GeorgiaMarch 4 - 8, 1:55 p.m.Oct. 5 - 8, 2:33 p.m.
HawaiiMarch 10 - 13, 1:16 p.m.Sept. 30 - Oct. 2, 1:56 p.m.
IdahoMarch 1 - 5, 1:40 p.m.Oct. 8 - 11, 2:15 p.m.
Illinois (Chicago)March 2 - 5, 1:54 p.m.Oct. 7 - 10, 2:29 p.m.
Illinois (Springfield)March 3 - 6, 1:52 p.m.Oct. 7 - 10, 2:29 p.m.
IndianaMarch 3 - 6, 1:54 p.m.Oct. 7 - 10, 2:29 p.m.
IowaMarch 2 - 5, 1:50 p.m.Oct. 7 - 11, 2:26 p.m.
KansasMarch 3 - 6, 1:48 p.m.Oct. 6 - 10, 2:32 p.m.
KentuckyMarch 3 - 7, 1:55 p.m.Oct. 6 - 10, 2:32 p.m.
LouisianaMarch 5 - 9, 1:51 p.m.Oct. 4 - 7, 2:29 p.m.
MaineMarch 1 - 5, 2:02 p.m.Oct. 8 -12, 2:37 p.m.
MarylandMarch 3 - 6, 1:59 p.m.Oct. 6 - 10, 2:35 p.m.
MassachusettsMarch 2 - 5, 2:01 p.m.Oct. 7 - 11, 2:36 p.m.
MichiganMarch 2 - 5, 1:55 p.m.Oct. 8 - 11, 2:31 p.m.
MinnesotaMarch 1 - 5, 1:51 p.m.Oct. 8 - 11, 2:26 p.m.
MississippiMarch 5 - 8, 1:53 p.m.Oct. 5 - 8, 2:30 p.m.
MissouriMarch 3 - 6, 1:50 p.m.Oct. 7 - 10, 2:26 p.m.
MontanaMarch 1 - 4, 1:44 p.m.Oct. 9 - 12, 2:19 p.m.
NebraskaMarch 2 - 5, 1:48 p.m.Oct. 7- 11, 2:24 p.m.
NevadaMarch 3 - 6, 1:38 p.m.Oct. 7 - 10, 2:14 p.m.
New HampshireMarch 2 - 5, 2:00 p.m.Oct. 8 -11, 2:36 p.m.
New JerseyMarch 3 - 6, 2:00 p.m.Oct. 7 - 10, 2:36 p.m.
New MexicoMarch 4 - 8, 1:43 p.m.Oct. 5 - 9, 2:20 p.m.
New YorkMarch 2 - 6, 2:00 p.m.Oct. 7 - 10, 2:36 p.m.
North CarolinaMarch 4 - 7, 1:58 p.m.Oct. 5 - 9, 2:34 p.m.
North DakotaFeb. 28 - March 4, 1:47 p.m.Oct. 9 - 13, 2:22 p.m.
OhioMarch 3 - 6, 1:55 p.m.Oct. 6 - 10, 2:31 p.m.
OklahomaMarch 4 - 7, 1:48 p.m.Oct. 5 - 9, 2:25 p.m.
OregonMarch 1 - 5, 1:38 p.m.Oct. 8 - 11, 2:13 p.m.
PennslyvaniaMarch 2 - 6, 1:58 p.m.Oct. 7 - 11, 2:34 p.m.
Puerto RicoMarch 10 - 13, 2:06 p.m.Sept. 28 - Oct. 1, 2:46 p.m.
Rhode IslandMarch 2 - 6, 2:00 p.m.Oct. 7 - 11, 2:36 p.m.
South CarolinaMarch 4 - 8, 1:57 p.m.Oct. 5 - 8, 2:34 p.m.
South DakotaMarch 1 - 5, 1:47 p.m.Oct. 8 - 12, 2:22 p.m.
TennesseeMarch 4 - 8, 1:54 p.m.Oct. 6 - 9, 2:31 p.m.
Texas (Amarillo)March 4 - 7, 1:45 p.m.Oct. 5 - 9, 2:23 p.m.
Texas (Austin)March 5 - 9, 1:48 p.m.Oct. 3 - 7, 2:25 p.m.
Texas (San Antonio)March 6 - 9, 1:47 p.m.Oct. 3 - 7, 2:24 p.m.
UtahMarch 3 - 6, 1:41 p.m.Oct. 6 - 10, 2:17 p.m.
VermontMarch 2 - 5, 2:00 p.m.Oct. 8 - 11, 2:36 p.m.
VirginiaMarch 3 - 7, 1:58 p.m.Oct. 6 - 9, 2:35 p.m.
WashingtonFeb. 28 - March 4, 1:38 p.m.Oct. 9 - 12, 2:13 p.m.
West VirginiaMarch 3 - 6, 1:44 p.m.Oct. 6 - 10, 2:20 p.m.
WisconsinMarch 2 - 5, 1:52 p.m.Oct. 8 - 11, 2:28 p.m.
WyomingMarch 2 - 5, 1:43 p.m.Oct. 8 - 11, 2:19 p.m.
Read Solar Outage Rules
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Galaxy 16 Alignment Calculator

To tune your satellite dish to receive transmissions from Galaxy 16, you need two pieces of information:

Elevation: The angle of the satellite (0 to 90 degrees) above true horizontal relative to the location you selected.

Azimuth: The compass direction, relative to magnetic North.

NPR Distribution Services is happy to provide approximate Elevation and Azimuth calculations for many large American cities. To get this information, choose a city from the drop-down menu.

If your city is not listed below, please visit https://www.dishpointer.com/

Galaxy 16 Alignment Calculator

AnchorageAzimuth (true): 125.5°
Azimuth (magn.): 109.8°
Elevation: 9.1°
AtlantaAzimuth (true): 205.1°
Azimuth (magn.): 210.4°
Elevation: 47.7°
BaltimoreAzimuth (true): 213.0°
Azimuth (magn.): 224.2°
Elevation: 38.9°
BostonAzimuth (true): 218.2°
Azimuth (magn.): 232.7°
Elevation: 33.5°
ChicagoAzimuth (true): 196.8°
Azimuth (magn.): 200.8°
Elevation: 40.3°
CincinnatiAzimuth (true): 202.3°
Azimuth (magn.): 208.2°
Elevation: 42.3°
ClevelandAzimuth (true): 205.2°
Azimuth (magn.): 213.6°
Elevation: 38.9°
DallasAzimuth (true): 184.0°
Azimuth (magn.): 181.0°
Elevation: 51.8°
DenverAzimuth (true): 170.7°
Azimuth (magn.): 162.7°
Elevation: 43.6°
FairbanksAzimuth (true): 128.5°
Azimuth (magn.): 111.6°
Elevation: 7.7°
HonoluluAzimuth (true): 102.4°
Azimuth (magn.): 92.9°
Elevation: 20.7°
HoustonAzimuth (true): 187.3°
Azimuth (magn.): 185.1°
Elevation: 55.1°
JuneauAzimuth (true): 140.1°
Azimuth (magn.): 121.1°
Elevation: 17°
Kansas CityAzimuth (true): 187.0°
Azimuth (magn.): 185.5°
Elevation: 44.5°
Los AngelesAzimuth (true): 148.1°
Azimuth (magn.): 136.2°
Elevation: 45.4°
MiamiAzimuth (true): 218.1°
Azimuth (magn.): 225.0°
Elevation: 53.3°
MinneapolisAzimuth (true): 188.1°
Azimuth (magn.): 188.0°
Elevation: 37.9°
New OrleansAzimuth (true): 197.5°
Azimuth (magn.): 198.6°
Elevation: 53.7°
New York CityAzimuth (true): 215.5°
Azimuth (magn.): 228.4°
Elevation: 36.4°
PhiladelphiaAzimuth (true): 214.5°
Azimuth (magn.): 226.6°
Elevation: 37.6°
PittsburghAzimuth (true): 208.0°
Azimuth (magn.): 217.3°
Elevation: 39.3°
PortlandAzimuth (true): 148.4°
Azimuth (magn.): 133.2°
Elevation: 32.6°
SacramentoAzimuth (true): 146.4°
Azimuth (magn.): 133.0°
Elevation: 39.5°
San FranciscoAzimuth (true): 144.7°
Azimuth (magn.): 131.3°
Elevation: 39.8°
San JuanAzimuth (true): 243.9°
Azimuth (magn.): 257.3°
Elevation: 46.9°
SeattleAzimuth (true): 149.7°
Azimuth (magn.): 134.1°
Elevation: 30.8°
St. LouisAzimuth (true): 193.9°
Azimuth (magn.): 195.7°
Elevation: 44.3°
TampaAzimuth (true): 212.3°
Azimuth (magn.): 218.2°
Elevation: 52.6°
TucsonAzimuth (true): 158.3°
Azimuth (magn.): 148.7°
Elevation: 50.3°
Washington, D.C.Azimuth (true): 212.7°
Azimuth (magn.): 223.5°
Elevation: 39.5°

Galaxy 17 Alignment Calculator

To tune your satellite dish to receive transmissions from Galaxy 17, you need two pieces of information:

Elevation: The angle of the satellite (0 to 90 degrees) above true horizontal relative to the location you selected

Azimuth: The compass direction, relative to magnetic North.

NPR Distribution Services is happy to provide approximate Elevation and Azimuth calculations for many large American cities. To get this information, choose a city from the drop-down menu.

If your city is not listed below, please visit https://www.dishpointer.com/

Galaxy 17 Alignment Calculator

AnchorageAzimuth (true): 117.9°
Azimuth (magn.): 102.1°
Elevation: 5.7°
AtlantaAzimuth (true): 191.8°
Azimuth (magn.): 197.1°
Elevation: 50.1°
BaltimoreAzimuth (true): 202.1°
Azimuth (magn.): 213.2°
Elevation: 42.1°
BostonAzimuth (true): 208.3°
Azimuth (magn.): 222.8°
Elevation: 37.1°
ChicagoAzimuth (true): 185.1°
Azimuth (magn.): 189.1°
Elevation: 41.5°
CincinnatiAzimuth (true): 190.2°
Azimuth (magn.): 196.2°
Elevation: 44.2°
ClevelandAzimuth (true): 193.9°
Azimuth (magn.): 202.3°
Elevation: 41.1°
DallasAzimuth (true): 169.4°
Azimuth (magn.): 166.3°
Elevation: 51.3°
DenverAzimuth (true): 158.7°
Azimuth (magn.): 150.7°
Elevation: 41.8°
FairbanksAzimuth (true): 120.7°
Azimuth (magn.): 103.9°
Elevation: 4.8°
HonoluluAzimuth (true): 98.8°
Azimuth (magn.): 89.3°
Elevation: 13°
HoustonAzimuth (true): 171.3°
Azimuth (magn.): 169.0°
Elevation: 55°
JuneauAzimuth (true): 132.0°
Azimuth (magn.): 113.0°
Elevation: 14°
Kansas CityAzimuth (true): 174.4°
Azimuth (magn.): 172.9°
Elevation: 45°
Los AngelesAzimuth (true): 137.4°
Azimuth (magn.): 125.6°
Elevation: 40.9°
MiamiAzimuth (true): 203.7°
Azimuth (magn.): 210.7°
Elevation: 57.6°
MinneapolisAzimuth (true): 176.8°
Azimuth (magn.): 176.7°
Elevation: 31.8°
New OrleansAzimuth (true): 181.9°
Azimuth (magn.): 183.0°
Elevation: 55.1°
New York CityAzimuth (true): 205.1°
Azimuth (magn.): 217.9°
Elevation: 39.8°
PhiladelphiaAzimuth (true): 203.8°
Azimuth (magn.): 215.9°
Elevation: 41°
PittsburghAzimuth (true): 196.7°
Azimuth (magn.): 206.0°
Elevation: 41.9°
PortlandAzimuth (true): 139.1°
Azimuth (magn.): 123.9°
Elevation: 29°
SacramentoAzimuth (true): 136.7°
Azimuth (magn.): 123.2°
Elevation: 35.3°
San FranciscoAzimuth (true): 135.1°
Azimuth (magn.): 121.7°
Elevation: 35.3°
San JuanAzimuth (true): 235.7°
Azimuth (magn.): 249.0°
Elevation: 54.3°
SeattleAzimuth (true): 140.5°
Azimuth (magn.): 124.8°
Elevation: 27.4°
St. LouisAzimuth (true): 181.3°
Azimuth (magn.): 183.0°
Elevation: 45.2°
TampaAzimuth (true): 197.8°
Azimuth (magn.): 203.6°
Elevation: 56°
TucsonAzimuth (true): 145.7°
Azimuth (magn.): 136.1°
Elevation: 46.7°
Washington, D.C.Azimuth (true): 201.6°
Azimuth (magn.): 212.4°
Elevation: 42.6°

FAQs

Here are answers to the most frequently asked questions about equipment, repairs, and technical support. Just click on the links below to jump to the FAQ most relevant to your particular need. If you have other questions that are not addressed in this FAQ, please email your questions to us.

What downlink antenna size is generally recommended?

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Basically, the bigger the better. Our experience indicates 3.7 meter (12 feet) antennas of solid reflector material generally give the minimum performance required for reliable reception. The 3.7 meter will provide the necessary gain and a narrower "beamwidth" for better sidelobe rejection of adjacent satellite interference. In addition, better rejection of terrestrial interference will be provided. Downlink footprint locations, particular satellite performance, type of transmission, and many other variables also enter into the equation when sizing downlink antennas.

How does the physical condition of my dish affect its performance?

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The physical condition of the antenna is paramount to achieving necessary performance. Antennas should be checked annually to verify conformance with manufacturers' specifications. Buying an antenna and forgetting about it will only lead to problems down the road. Like all other equipment at the station, antennas go through wear and tear. Antennas must be checked to ensure optimal performance.

I get a lot of snow build-up in my dish that takes me off the air. Is there a relay in the receiver I can use to trigger an alarm when there is loss of downlink signal?

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Yes, there is an alarm status relay that is part of the receiver. It changes state upon detection of a fault condition in the receiver. You can wire this function to alert you to downlink failures. Additionally you may want to invest in an antenna snow cover or antenna heating system. These items are readily available for most antenna sizes and manufactures.

Whom do I call if I'm experiencing downlink problems?

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Start with your network provider, which in most cases is your network uplink provider. Each network provider is the contact point for the affiliate's troubleshooting and repair. If necessary, your network provider will contact NPR Distribution Services for specific assistance and support.

Can the network provider (uplink) get a check as to the status of their carrier(s)?

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Yes, they can contact the Network Operations Center (NOC). The NOC is available 24/7/365. They have the ability to check the power and bandwidth of your carrier(s) and, in most cases, the ability (equipment) to decode your signal. The NOC is a vital source to uplink providers in helping you maintain the "health" of your network. The NOC may be contacted at 800.433.1283.